Learning Disabilities


What are Learning Disabilities?
About 3 to 5% of children have academic or behavioral problems resulting from learning disabilities. Boys are affected 3 to 5 times more frequently than girls. The most common learning disabilities are in reading. Learning disabilities also occur in math, spelling, reading comprehension, oral expression and written language. It is common for these children to have problems with attention and memory and to experience behavior problems as a result of frustration.

Publications on Learning Disabilities

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  • Cook, J.R., Mausbach, T., Burd, L., Gascon, G.G., Slotnick, H.B., Patterson, B., Johnson, R.D., Hankey, B., & Reynolds, B.W. A Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Central Auditory Processing Disorder and Attention Deficit Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. 1993. 18(3): 130-137.

  • Burd, L., Kauffman, D.W., & Kerbeshian, J. Tourette Syndrome and Learning Disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 1992. 25: 598-604.

  • Fisher, W. & Burd, L. Educational Achievement in Non-verbal Children: Are They Learning Disabled? Brain and Development. 1991. 13: 428-432.

  • Burd, L. & Kerbeshian J. Diagnosis and Management of Gilles de la Tourette Disorder in Rural North Dakota Children. Rural Special Education Quarterly. 1988. 9: 20-26.

  • Burd, L., Hammes, K., Bornhoeft, D., & Fisher W. A North Dakota Prevalence Study of Non-verbal School-Age Children. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools. 1988. 19: 371-383.

  • Burd, L. & Fisher, W. Central Auditory Processing Disorder or Attention Deficit Disorder? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics . 1986. 7: 215.

  • Gascon, G., Johnson, R., & Burd L. Central Auditory Processing and Attention Deficit Disorder. Journal of Child Neurology. 1986. 1: 27-33.

  • Dodd, J.M., Griswold, P.E., Smith, G.H., & Burd L. A Comparison of Learning Disabled and Other Children on the Ability to Make Functional Time Estimates. Child Study Journal. 1985. 15(3): 189-197.

  • Burd, L., Dodd, J., & Fisher W. Making Functional Time Estimates: Comparison of School-Aged, Learning-Disabled and Other Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1984. 59: 967-973.

  • Burd, L., Dodd, J., & Grassel P. A Comparison of Reservation Native American and Public School Children's Time Estimation Skills. Child Study Journal. 1981. 11(4): 247-252.

  • Anderson, B., Burd, L., Dodd, J., & Kelker, K. A Comparative Study in Estimating Time. Journal of American Indian Education. 1980. 19: 1-4.

  • Burd, L. Learning Teaching / Teaching Learning  

  • Burd, L. Reading Disorders  

  • Burd, L. Learning Disabilities